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Mona Pielorz, Patrick Werquin

The French and German Validation Systems: Description

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Pielorz, Mona/Werquin, Patrick (2019): The French and German Validation Systems: Description. In: Magazin Das Fachmedium für Forschung, Praxis und Diskurs. Ausgabe 37, 2019. Wien. Online im Internet: Druck-Version: Books on Demand GmbH: Norderstedt. Erschienen unter der Creative Commons Lizenz CC BY 4.0
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This paper aims to describe the French and German approaches to validation and recognition of non-formal and informal learning outcomes. It prepares the ground for the analysis proposed in this issue of Magazin The two countries have different systems that coexist. They vary to a large extent (e.g. in historical background, size and scope), and these are considered archetypical cases because there are differences between the countries as well as within each country. Careful attention is required when describing the French validation of experiential learning outcomes, the less known Validation of personal and occupational learning outcomes and the Validation of tertiary education studies systems, and well as the German External Examination, university credit system, validation of competences, and the provision for migrant systems.
  1. Mona Pielorz
  2. Patrick Werquin

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